CanopyCo carbon offsetting and reforestation in Ecuador, South America.

Carbon Dioxide

CO2 is the chemical formula for the molecule carbon dioxide. It contains two atoms of oxygen for each atom of carbon, in a double bond, represented thus;


It is an odourless colourless gas at room temperature and is only solidified by temperatures below -78C.

It occurs naturally in the atmosphere and has always played a vital role in maintaining the warm environment needed for life on earth. This process is called the greenhouse effect, the effect created when carbon dioxide molecules, along with water vapour, nitrous oxide and methane, help trap radiant heat from the sun within our atmosphere, much as the glass of a greenhouse does. This maintains a comfortable temperature for current life on earth.

Since the industrial revolution, in the 1850's, there has been an increase in the concentrations of CO2 and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere due to man's activities in production, generating energy to heat and light our homes, and to power our transport. The increase has been from around 280ppm to 379ppm (IPCC 2005), but around 50% of that increase occurred during just the last 30 years, and can be attributed for the main part to the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation.

This increased volume of CO2 molecules helps trap more of the suns heat within our atmosphere, and thus leads to rises in temperatures. These temperature rises are in turn changing global weather patterns with some devastating effects, and still worse predicted for the future.

Carbon Offset

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*Pay for native trees to be planted.
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